– a large, herbaceous perennial plant of the knotweed and buckwheat family Polygonaceae.
– It is native to East Asia in Japan, China and Korea.
– In North America and Europe the species is very successful and has been classified as an invasive species in several countries.
– In Australia, it is illegal to have any of this species growing on one’s property.
Fallopia Japonica ( Chin. : 何首烏)
– Root of Fallopia japonica, synonym Reynoutria japonica, commonly known as Japanese knotweed
– The Chinese common name for fo-ti, he-shou-wu, was the name of a Tang dynasty man whose infertility was supposedly cured by fo-ti; in addition, his long life was attributed to the tonic properties of this herb.
– Since then, traditional Chinese medicine has used fo-ti to treat premature aging, weakness, vaginal discharges, numerous infectious diseases, angina pectoris, and impotence.
– Chung Yun, a famous Chinese herbalist who reportedly lived to be 256 years old, used Fo-Ti on a daily basis. This herb is thought to have been responsible for both his long life and his legendary sexual prowess, (he was said to have had 24 wives).
– Fo-ti has a history of reversing and preventing the effects of aging, through a story of a Chinese farmer “Black haired Mr. He”. This story gave the herb it’s name, Hu shou wu meaning “Black haired Mr. He”.
– For blood-deficiency syndrome marked pale, dizziness, palpitation, irregular menstruation, it is used with herbs for replenishing blood and regulating menstruation, such as Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Radix Rehmanniae Preparata, Colla Corii Asini, Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong, etc.
– For deficiency of both the liver and kidney and insufficiency of essence and blood manifested as weakness of the loins and legs, vertigo, blurred vision, insomnia, ammesia, premature grey hair, etc. , it is often used with herbs for replenishing the liver ad kidney, and enriching essence and blood, such as Semen Cuscutae, Fructus Lycii, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Radix angelicae Sinensis, Fructus Psoraleae, Radix Achyranthis, Bidentatae, etc.
– For scrofula, pyogenic infection and ulcer of skin, it is used with herbs for softening the hard mass removing scrofula, such as Spica Prunellae, Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae, Radix Scrophulariae. etc.
– It is very indicated for chronic malaria of both qi and blood deficiency type, because both raw and stir-baked He Shou Wu can check malaria. Furthermore, it can tonify blood to improve deficiency. For instance, it is used with Ren Shen and Dang Gui in He Ren Yin from Jing Yue Quan Shu.
– Raw Shou Wu is indicated for tuberculosis, because it can relieve toxicity, dissipate nodulation, For tuberculosis, it is usually combined with phlegm-eliminating herbs, toxicity-relieving herbs and nodulation-dissipating herbs, for instance, it is used with Xia Ku Cao and Chuan Bei Mu from Ben Cao Hui Yan (Supplement Materia Medica). For swelling, itching and pain due to ulcers, it is usually combined with herbs to clear heat, dry dampness, disperse wind and relieve itching, for instance, it is used with Ku Shen, Fang Feng and Bo He in He Shou Wu San from Wai Ke Jin Yi (Essence Argument of External Medicine).
– Sheng Shou Wu can smooth stool through moistening intestines, and tonifying deficiency. For constipation due ro blood deficiency with intestinal dryness, it could be used singly or combined with blood-nourishing and stool-smoothing herbs, for instance, it is used with Huo Ma Ren and Dang Gui