– is a perennial plant in the genus Salvia, highly valued for its roots in traditional Chinese medicine.
– Native to China and Japan, it grows at 90 to 1,200 m (300 to 3,940 ft) elevation, preferring grassy places in forests, hillsides, and along stream banks. The specific epithet miltiorrhiza means “red ochre root”.
Salvia miltiorrhiza ( Chin. : 丹参 ),
– This herb has a few different common names, among which the most common ones are Chinese sage, Radix Salviae miltiorrhiza, red sage, danshen, and Tan Shen.
― Medicinally it mainly means the dried root and rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge
― It is reported that there are more than 100 medicines based on salvia.
― Given the fact that the wild resources of wild salvia is dwindling, it fails to meet the clinical needs.
― Thankfully, so far the cultivation technology has developed rapidly and cultivated salvia miltiorrhiza becomes a good alternative source.
― The medicinal root is usually dug in spring and autumn
Expanded medicinal uses, including , diabetes, glaucoma, and so on.
– It expands coronary artery, increases coronary blood flow, improves myocardial ischemia, promotes the recovery from myocardial ischemia or injury, and reduces myocardial infarct;
– It improves hypoxia and protects hypoxic cardiomyocyte;
– It improves microcirculation and promotes blood flow;
– It dilates blood vessels and lowers blood pressure;
– It improves blood rheology, reduces blood viscosity, inhibits platelet and coagulation function, activates the fibrinolysis, and resists the thrombosis;
– It protects the red cell membrane, regulated blood lipids, and inhibits the formation of atherosclerotic plaque;
– It protects the liver cell from damage and promotes the regeneration of liver cell, and resists the liver fibrosis; Treat Chronic liver inflammation (hepatitis).
– It promotes the healing of broken bones and the skin incision;
– It protects the gastric mucosa and fights against the ulcer;
– It calms and eases the pain of the central nervous;
– It improves renal function and protects the ischemic renal injury;
– It fights inflammation and allergies;
– It inhibits, at different levels, staphylococcus aureus, a variety of bacillus, some dermatophytes, leptospirosis, and so on
– High cholesterol. Early research suggests that adding danshen acupoint injections to lipid-lowering medications for 30 days decreases total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL or “bad”) cholesterol, and certain blood fats called triglycerides it people with high cholesterol. It also seems to help increase high-density lipoprotein (HDL or “good”) cholesterol.
– A type of stroke caused by a blood clot (ischemic stroke). Early research shows that receiving danshen by mouth or injecting danshen intravenously (by IV) might improve brain function after an ischemic stroke.
– Skin conditions such as acne and eczema .
– For gynecological disorders such as irregular menses, amenorrhea, and post-partum abdominal pain.
– It is also for chest, epigastric, and abdominal pain as well as traumatic injury.
– It disperses masses and accumulations
– For restlessness,anxiety, irritability, depression, palpitations, and insomnia due to heat in the nutritive (Ying) level.
– Can also be used for Heart and Kidney Yin Deficiency patterns.
– Has a potent action to reduce swelling in toxic sores , breast abscesses and cancer.
– It cools the blood to treat symptoms of febrile disorders or the presence of heat in the ying or xue levels with symptoms of delirium, high fever, unconsciousness, purpura or subcutaneous bleeding.